The basic needs for a healthy flower garden are simple – well-prepared soil, careful sowing and planting at the right time, warmth, food and moisture; attention to pest and weed control.
Undisturbed weeds will compete with your garden plants for food and moisture and can be, a source of diseases and pests. For fruit, flowers, vegetables and shrubs, all of them can be, controlled with chemical and cultivation measures.
Chemical methods use weed killer on paths or drives. Aminotriazole or simazine are suitable materials when used to the manufacturer’s guidelines, and, are very affective in most conditions. Cultivation is the most convenient method to use in most gardens. Use a hoe regularly in the summer to chop off the seeding weeds before they have a chance, to develop and take over. Start this job in the morning or as early in the day as you can. In the winter months dig the weeds into the soil. Large weeds are best dug out completely or cut off and pulled out.
Stopping and dis-budding Stopping means removing the growing point after four or six leaves have formed. (The first two leaves which form do not count.) This causes the plant to make shoots and to bear more blooms in a bushy way, rather, than a tall slim form. Sweet-peas, dahlias, antirrhinums, fuchsias and geraniums respond very well to this procedure. Some varieties produce more shoots than can be, supported and bloom to perfection, but by judicious thinning better quality, earlier flowers can be, produced to beautify the flower garden.